Hair transplantation is a surgical procedure to treat hair loss or baldness. It involves the removal of hair follicles from the back or sides of the scalp, where hair is usually resistant to balding, and transplanting them to the balding areas of the scalp. The transplanted hair follicles continue to grow hair in their new location, resulting in a fuller, more natural-looking head of hair. There are different techniques used in hair transplantation, such as Follicular Unit Transplantation (FUT) and Follicular Unit Extraction (FUE). The choice of technique depends on various factors such as the extent of hair loss, the quality of the hair, and the patient's preference. Hair transplantation is generally considered a safe and effective procedure with minimal risks and a high success rate.
DHI (Direct Hair Implantation) is a hair transplantation method that involves the direct extraction and implantation of hair follicles without the need for incisions or stitches. In this method, a special tool called a Choi pen is used to extract hair follicles one by one from the donor area (usually the back of the head) and implant them directly into the recipient area (bald or thinning area) without making any incisions.
The Choi pen has a hollow needle at its tip, which allows the hair follicles to be extracted and implanted simultaneously. This method is different from other hair transplantation methods such as FUE (Follicular Unit Extraction) or FUT (Follicular Unit Transplantation), which require making incisions or creating a strip of skin from the donor area.
DHI hair transplantation is usually performed under local anesthesia, and the procedure can take several hours depending on the number of hair follicles to be transplanted. Recovery time is relatively short, and patients can usually return to their normal activities within a few days. The results of DHI hair transplantation can be seen within a few months, and the transplanted hair usually grows and looks natural over time.
Hair loss can have various causes including genetic factors, hormonal changes, medical conditions, medications, and certain hair styling practices. Excessive use of hair cosmetic products, such as hair sprays, gels, and mousses, can damage the hair shaft and cause breakage, but they do not directly affect hair follicles. However, an unhealthy diet that is low in protein and other essential nutrients can lead to hair loss and thinning. Additionally, certain medical conditions such as alopecia areata and scalp infections can also cause hair loss.
What is a Hair Transplant?
During a hair transplant procedure, the surgeon removes hair follicles from the donor area (usually the back of the head) and then implants them into the recipient area (areas of hair loss or thinning). The surgeon may use a variety of techniques, such as Follicular Unit Transplantation (FUT) or Follicular Unit Extraction (FUE), to extract and implant the hair follicles.
FUT involves removing a strip of scalp from the donor area and dissecting it into individual hair follicles, which are then implanted into the recipient area. FUE, on the other hand, involves removing individual hair follicles directly from the donor area using a small punch tool, and then implanting them into the recipient area.
DHI (Direct Hair Implantation) is a variation of FUE, where the surgeon uses a specialized tool to directly implant the hair follicles into the recipient area, without the need for prior creation of recipient sites.
Percutaneous hair transplant is another variation of FUE, where the hair follicles are implanted using a specialized tool called a "percutaneous needle" which creates small recipient sites in the scalp for the follicles to be implanted into.
Overall, hair transplantation is a safe and effective solution for those experiencing hair loss or thinning. The results of the procedure are permanent, and the transplanted hair will continue to grow naturally.
DHI Technique in Hair Transplantation
Both DHI and FUE techniques are popular hair transplant methods that provide natural-looking results. The main difference between these two techniques is the way hair follicles are extracted and transplanted. While DHI involves using a special medical pen to directly place hair follicles in the transplantation area, FUE involves extracting hair follicles with a micro-motor and transplanting them into the recipient area using blades.
Both techniques require local anesthesia and take several hours to complete, but FUE allows for a maximum of 3000-4500 grafts to be transplanted at once. Both methods require careful handling and preservation of hair follicles to ensure their viability, as exposure to room temperature can cause them to die within a few hours.
Hair transplantation can be a successful solution for those experiencing hair loss due to various factors, including genetics, hormonal changes, and certain medications. However, it is important to consult with a qualified professional and carefully consider the potential risks and benefits before undergoing any surgical procedure.
Percutan Technique in Hair Transplantation
The percutaneous technique is a very delicate and advanced method of hair transplantation. However, it is important to note that it is not suitable for everyone and should only be performed by experienced practitioners. The decision on which technique to use for hair transplantation should be made after a thorough examination of the patient's hair structure, shedding density, and other factors. It is always recommended to consult with a specialist to determine the best approach for each individual case.
After Hair Transplantation
After hair transplantation, it is important to follow the post-operative instructions provided by your doctor to ensure proper healing and optimal results. Here are some general guidelines to keep in mind:
- Avoid strenuous activities that may cause sweating or fatigue for the first few days after the procedure. Sweating can damage the hair follicles and hinder the growth process.
- Stay away from stressful environments and situations as stress is one of the leading causes of hair loss.
- Abstain from sexual intercourse for a few days after the procedure.
- Avoid alcohol consumption as it can interfere with the healing process and harm your newly transplanted hair.
- Pain, fatigue, and tension may be experienced after the procedure, but these can be managed with the medication prescribed by your doctor.
- For the first few days after the procedure, it is important to lie on your back as much as possible and avoid touching the treated area.
- Swelling and edema may occur after the procedure, but this is normal and will subside within a few days.
- Follow your doctor's instructions for removing any bandages and dressing the donor site on the back of your head.
- Avoid applying any products or touching the transplanted area for the first few days after the procedure.
- Attend all scheduled follow-up appointments with your doctor to monitor your progress and ensure proper healing
What to do in the first 3 days after Hair Transplantation
- Hair should not be washed on the first day. On the second day, you should go to the hospital and have a dressing on your neck area. Washing the hair is recommended only after the 3rd day. If washing is done before, it will be difficult to get the desired result from hair transplantation.
- For the first three days, you should avoid the sun as much as possible. If you absolutely need to go out, it is recommended to wear a hat made of soft fabric that will not bother your head.
- It is essential to take care that the area where the hair is transplanted does not come into contact with any place and not be hit.
- It is necessary to avoid smoking, coffee, tea and alcohol consumption in the first 3 days. Since these are substances that directly enter the blood and contain drugs or stimulants, your newly planted hair follicles will be affected very quickly.
Additionally, during the first three days after hair transplantation, it is important to avoid strenuous physical activity and exercise. It is recommended to rest and take it easy to allow your body to heal properly and prevent excessive sweating.
It is also important to follow any instructions provided by your doctor or hair transplant specialist regarding post-operative care, such as taking medications or applying topical treatments to the transplanted area.
You should avoid touching the transplanted area with your fingers, as it may increase the risk of infection. If you need to touch the area for any reason, make sure to wash your hands thoroughly beforehand.
In the first three days after hair transplantation, you may experience some discomfort or swelling in the transplanted area. Applying cold compresses as recommended by your doctor can help reduce swelling and alleviate any pain or discomfort.
- Overall, the first few days after hair transplantation are critical for ensuring a successful outcome. By following the guidelines provided by your doctor and taking good care of yourself, you can help ensure that your new hair grows in healthy and strong.
Hair Transplant Problem for 15 Days
- The hair transplantation area must be protected from sunlight and rain for at least 15 days.
- It is necessary not to go into very hot or very cold environments, to wash with warm water instead of hot or cold water, to stay away from Turkish bath, sauna, pool and sea. Such places will also increase your risk of infection and reduce the success of the operation.
- It is essential to wash your head, which you did not wash for the first 3 days, every day for 15 days with shampoos with a pH value of 5.5, antibacterial and low chemical content. These types of shampoos will kill bacteria and germs on your scalp and allow the hair follicles to grow.
- About a week after the hair transplant, scars on your scalp disappear and scabs fall off. The incisions or scars formed during the operation will be completely removed. You don't have to worry about this.
- In the days after the operation, small rashes or pimples can be seen in the parts where the hair follicles are taken. If you use your medicines regularly and pay attention to your hygiene, they will pass after a while.
- When the hair is to be washed for the first time after 3 days, it is recommended to wash it in the applied center. This provides both post-operative control and since the materials used are professional, the washing process does not cause any problems.
Additionally, during the first 15 days after hair transplantation, it is important to avoid wearing tight hats or any headwear that can cause friction on the transplanted area. It is also recommended to sleep on your back and avoid sleeping on your sides or stomach to prevent rubbing of the transplanted area against the pillow.
If you experience any unusual pain, bleeding, or swelling in the transplanted area, or if you notice any signs of infection such as redness, pus, or fever, you should contact your doctor immediately. They may prescribe antibiotics or other treatments to help prevent complications.
Finally, it's important to remember that hair transplant results are not immediate and it may take several months before you start to see significant growth. It is important to follow the aftercare instructions provided by your doctor and to be patient with the process.
- The special solution given for you to use after hair transplantation should be used regularly and carefully. It is very important to use it especially for the first 15 days. During this period, this lotion to be applied with fingertips once or twice a day should be rinsed with warm water after waiting for approximately 45 minutes and then the scalp should be washed with an anti-bacterial shampoo with PH 5.5. While washing, it should be applied with soft movements and massage.
- Everything you need to do after the operation will be explained and shown to you one by one.
- Approximately one week after the washing starts, the wires in the transplanted area begin to fall off. Seeing this, you don't need to panic or think that a hair transplant is not working. This is a natural process. A few months after the operation, new hair will begin to grow from the roots placed 1.5 cm below the skin.
- Scabs on the scalp begin to shed from the 10th day after hair transplantation. If this shedding is delayed due to your skin structure, you can facilitate this with soft massage movements while washing.
- After hair transplantation, it is very important that your transplanted area is clean and hygienic. If itching occurs on the scalp, report this to your doctor and ask him to recommend a medication. Substances such as jelly, spray, briyantin should never be applied to the transplanted area.
- You should be careful not to use hair dryers or styling products for a few months after hair transplantation. Because the hot air coming out of the blow dryer or dryer damages the planted roots. It is recommended to dry with a towel as much as possible.
- You should take maximum care for your hair to stay healthy and grow for 1 to 1.5 years after hair transplantation. You should use shampoos with low chemical content, rely on this after your hair starts to grow, take care of cleaning, avoid all kinds of substances and harsh movements that will affect your hair and scalp. Even if hair transplantation is performed with aesthetic concerns, it is a medical practice. Therefore, before having a hair transplant, you need to do a detailed research and find an application center specialized in this area. Otherwise, you will not be able to meet your expectations and you may lose money and even experience health problems. In particular, you should listen to your doctor carefully, use the medications he gives, follow his recommendations and go to regular check-ups. It is best to contact your doctor and do the applications he will tell instead of finding solutions for the problems you experience after the operation.
- The things to be considered after hair transplantation are as important as the operation. There is no reason for you not to regain your old hair if you follow the rules and behave carefully so that you can get the result you expect from the hair transplant you have done by going through financial and physical burden.